We planted our holly bushes early last year (one male, two female and a Japanese) and they have never really taken off. We followed all the directions on the labels and used holly “food.” Is there anything I can do to save my plants? The plants look pretty sorry after the winter.
Since all three shrubs seem to be struggling, I would start with the basics. Is the soil adequate for their needs?
Did the plants receive proper watering in order to become established?
You can prune your plants of winter damage and use the 'wait and see' approach. I always give plants a chance to come back from winter.
I'm listing a couple articles that may be helpful.