On parsnips - I have found that seeds dropped from bolted parsnips germinate better than seeds from packets. But that leads to a problem. The new plants grow to an inch high in the fall, overwinter, then grow in spring and bolt in early June before much of a root has formed. So I have healthy abundant parsnips but nothing to eat. Can you suggest what modification to make to my method? I live in central Maryland. Also, you should warn parsnip growers to limit contact with the leaves when one's pores are open (i. e. when sweating). It will wreak havoc on your skin.
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These articles should help: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/parsnips/how-to-grow-parsnips.htm