Regarding this article:https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/aloe-vera/aloe-plant-propagation.htm What about pups that have grown to about half the size of the mother plant? Can they also be cut off and replanted? I picked up this plant about a year ago, off the street. Someone was renovating their house and was getting rid of their plants. I'm not very big on plants, but it looked nice, so I just left it in my east-facing window that gets a good amount of sun every morning, and gave it some water and fertilizer, occasionally. It's immediately began growing like crazy, and now about four times its original size. I replanted it twice, in successively bigger pots. It now has two pups growing, one has grown half the size of the mother plant, the 2nd pup poked through a few months ago, and it's just growing its fourth leaf, so it's probably too young, but what about the first pup? The mother plant also has something that looks like a flower, that hasn't opened yet, on top of a 21-inch stalk that grew out of the mother plant's trunk in the last month.
Pup removal and replanting would be the same - simply remove the pups and transfer to another pot. That said, you may want to hold off until after the blooming has stopped. Otherwise, this could have an adverse effect on the flowering.
My parent Aloe Vera has a 6" gap from the soil level to the leaves. Will it root from the stem if I bury it? What do you recommend?
In terms of propagating this plant, the following article should help: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/aloe-vera/aloe-plant-propagation.htm
Can aloe ver leaves or gel be used as a fertiliser or fungicide/pesticide for other plants?
Here is a record of experiment to determine fungicidal properties of aloe vera: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8112/1/NPR%204(4)%20289-289.pdf
In many parts of the world aloe is used as a cure for a vast array of maladies, so there may be uses as pesticide, also. And of course, if you compost it, it then becomes fertilizer.
If yes, what is the best way to do it and tips on maintenance?
Outdoors, aloe vera is only hardy to zone 10, and some parts of zone 9. But you can certainly put it in a container to live outside when the weather in warm, and winter in your house. This article tells you how to keep aloe in a pot: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/aloe-vera/aloe-vera-plant-care.htm
Also, this is an interesting article with more information on aloes: http://greenhouse.ucdavis.edu/files/botnot_01-01.00.pdf
If so, how can I get rid of ants in my yard? I'm very new to gardening and I know very less information about it..I'm 17 years old.
Here are some non-chemical ways to get rid of ants: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/plant-problems/pests/insects/get-rid-of-ants.htm
Also, here's some info on aloe vera: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/aloe-vera/aloe-vera-plant-care.htm
If you have ants on the aloe vera, it may be that they are "farming" some aphids. Here are some ways to get rid or the aphids: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/plant-problems/pests/homemade-aphid-control-a-natural-way-to-kill-aphids.htm
I would like to know why my aloe vera plant does not have sticky substance when I squeeze or cut the leaf. When I squeeze the leaf, I only see non-sticky white substance inside and water. Is my plant a true aloe vera? Can I eat this aloe vera leaf without sticky substance? I have learned that aloe vera leaf should have a sticky substance.
Wikipedia lists 550 different species of aloe, so it is highly possible that your plant is a different specie than A. vera. I would not ingest or use the plant until you can get a positive identification.
I have some mature aloe with lots of "pups." The pups have white elongated spots but the mature leaves do not. I would like to eat some, as I heard they are good for a host of medical problems. What I am unsure of is the variety of aloe I have got, as only certain varieties have medicinal properties and the rest are decorative plants. How do I know the variety of the aloe I have? Thank you.
For starters, here's a site that shows the most common aloe species: http://succulent-plant.com/families/aloaceae.html
If you're still not sure, the best thing is to get an expert identification. If you are in the US, you can take some photos of your plant (showing flowers and leaves, if possible) to the county extension service. This link will help you find the nearest office:
If you're in the UK, you might want to access the local Master Gardener organization. They have loads of information and assistance available for home gardeners. This link will help you locate the nearest group:
If you're anywhere else, call the botanical garden in the city nearest you, and ask them for advice in identifying your plant.