A chart telling which flowers like which soil type?
Soil and Flower Compatibility
Certified GKH Gardening Expert
With all the types of flowers and plants available, it would be difficult to have such a chart.
I would first determine the type of soil and your growing zone to help make plant suggestions.
Well draining soil is a general must for most plants.
Other types of soil can be amended to make a better planting base for your garden.
Soil testing can help you know the nutritional make up of your soil.
Determine the type of garden that you would like to have; perennials, annuals, or trees and shrubs.
You will also want to determine the amount of sunlight that your garden space provides.
Here are some articles that will help you get started.