I have a desert rose that has now after 5 years has grown a pod and small seed like things have come out of it
can these seed like things be planted to grow more desert roses?
Desert rose can be grown from seed; however, the seed needs to be fresh. It does not store well. Here is a step-by-step guide. https://www.wikihow.com/Plant-Desert-Rose-Seeds
Carefully, hold the pod in your closed hand when you remove it.
When I have ripening seed pods that explode to fling seeds afar, I put them in an old envelope. Do not leave them on the counter! You can tie a cloth bag or double layer of cheesecloth around the seed pod instead of wiring it. Here is more information: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/desert-rose/desert-rose-propagation.htm