In late summer when blackberries are gone, how do you know which are spent canes that need to be cut off?
Certified GKH Gardening Expert
First-year canes, also known as primocanes, appear as stems that arch or trail along the ground. They usually bear large compound leaves with five or seven leaflets; they do not produce any flowers or fruit. Second-year canes grow to become what is known as a floricane. The stem will no longer grow taller, but will begin to produce lateral buds and flowers. Also, these normally have smaller leaves with only three or five leaflets. For information on pruning, this article should help: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/blackberries/blackberry-pruning.htm