Azalea Plants
Q.

Azalea have sooty Blackmold on leaves and stems

Zone Bridgewater, NJ 08807 | Anonymous added on November 6, 2018 | Answered

First time, I have at my home all Azhalea plant leaves and stems have powdey Black Sooty mold and some dendralions are dying and have white fungus on stems

A.
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drtreelove
Certified GKH Gardening Expert
Answered on November 7, 2018

There appears to be a scale insect pest (white spots on the stems). The scale is a sucking insect that excretes a sweet honeydew on which a 'sooty mold' grows. The sooty mold is not harmful except to shade the leaves from sunlight, but the insect pest at this level is a serious condition.
I believe the plants are susceptible to the pest infestation due to nutrient deficiencies, indicated by leaf discoloration which is characteristic of poor soil fertility.
I recommend that you fertilize with a slow release complete organic fertilizer like the Dr Earth Acid Lovers on this page:
http://www.fertileearthlandcare.com/fertilizers/

Professional applicators would soil drench with a systemic insectide with dinotefuran
https://www.domyown.com/alpine-wsg-p-2876.html?sub_id=14696

I'm not sure about the other plants. The white material could be lichens or a fungal secondary growth on the dead stems, and not the cause of the mortality.

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