Certified GKH Gardening Expert
They will survive, but not likely very happily. They would rather be planted in ground, unless this is a large container. They will be fully hardy in your area, though.
Here is an article that will help you with their care: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/abelia/planting-abelia-bushes.htm
I know I have to plant it in the ground but it's January and what I need to know is whether I can put the pot out on the porch until spring? What temperatures can it stand in a pot outside, please?